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Table 3 Demographic characteristics of respondents: summary

From: Farmer-herder conflicts, tenure insecurity and farmer’s investment decisions in Agogo, Ghana

Attribute/category Individual interviews FGD Key informants Total (% to 1 decimal point)a
Age
 20–30 2 0 0 2 (2.8%)
 30–40 6 3 0 9 (12.7%)
 40–50 15 15 2 32 (45.1%)
 50–60 8 9 4 21 (29.5%)
 Over 60 5 0 2 7 (9.9%)
Sex
 Male 24 18 8 50 (70.4%)
 Female 12 9 0 21 (29.6%)
Education level (highest completed)
 Tertiary 5 _ 4 9 (20.5%)
 Secondary 1 _ 2 3 (6.8 %)
 Junior High school 7 _ 0 7 (15.9%)
 Primary 10 _ 1 11 (25.0%)
 No education 13 _ 1 14 (31.8%)
Primary occupation
 Farmer 25 _ _ 25 (69.4%)
 Teacher 4 _ _ 4 (11.1%)
 Carpenter 2 _ _ 2 (5.6%)
 Lumbering (chainsaw operator) 0 _ _ 0
 Charcoal burning 0 _ _ 0
 Electrician 0 _ _ 0
 Hair dressing 0 _ _ 0
 Driver/bus conductor 2 _ _ 2 (5.6%)
 Trader 3 _ _ 3 (8.3%)
Secondary occupation
 Farmer 11 _ _ 11(30.5%)
 Teacher 0 _ _ 0
 Carpenter 0 _ _ 0
 Lumbering (chain saw operator) 1 _ _ 1 (2.8%)
 Charcoal burning 1 _ _ 1 (2.8%)
 Electrician 1 _ _ 1 (2.8%)
 Hair dressing 3 _ _ 3 (8.3%)
 Driver/bus conductor 2 _ _ 2 (5.6%)
 Trader 3 _ _ 3 (8.3%)
 None 14 _ _ 14 (38.9%)
Ancillary economic activities
Labourer/casual workb (off-farm) in the past 3 years 22 _ _ 22 (61.1%)
Labourer (on-farm)c in the past 3 years 0 _ _ 0
  1. aPercentages pertaining to humans as used in the discussions section are rounded off to the nearest higher whole number.
  2. bRespondents considered casual work as an ancillary economic activity that they engage in when they take time off from their primary or secondary occupations. In this context, ancillary economic activities instead of being regarded as an occupation was viewed as, an often-used mechanism for livelihood support.
  3. cRespondents mentioned on-farm labour services as a last resort and intimated that it was instead common to find migrants usually from the northern regions of Ghana offering the service as their primary or secondary occupation.
  4. Source: authors’ construction, field data (2017)