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Table 4 Correlates of household dietary diversity

From: Food consumption patterns, nutrient adequacy, and the food systems in Nigeria

  Country Rural Urban
Mobile phone (1/0) 0.20*** 0.19*** 0.24
(0.06) (0.06) (0.15)
Electricity (1/0) 0.13** 0.12 0.20*
(0.06) (0.07) (0.12)
Improved sources of water (1/0) 0.12* 0.06 0.24**
(0.06) (0.07) (0.10)
Improved sanitation, community (%) 0.23** 0.33*** 0.02
(0.10) (0.11) (0.16)
Health center/hospital in community (1/0) −0.11** −0.08 −0.15**
(0.05) (0.07) (0.07)
Irrigation (1/0) 0.17 0.36* −0.31
(0.20) (0.20) (0.28)
Distance to nearest market (KMs) 0.00 0.00 0.00
(0.00) (0.00) (0.00)
Distance in to Nearest Population Center with +20,000 (KMs) 0.00 −0.00 0.00
(0.00) (0.00) (0.00)
Fraction of agriculture in 1km buffer 0.00* 0.00* 0.00
(0.00) (0.00) (0.00)
Household expenditure quintile    
 _2 (1/0) 0.88*** 0.90*** 0.87***
(0.07) (0.07) (0.19)
 _3 (1/0) 1.38*** 1.41*** 1.31***
(0.08) (0.09) (0.20)
 _4 (1/0) 1.84*** 1.86*** 1.80***
(0.11) (0.10) (0.24)
Household expenditure quintile_5 (1/0) 2.25*** 2.18*** 2.27***
(0.12) (0.13) (0.25)
Household size in adult female equivalent 0.15*** 0.14*** 0.16***
(0.01) (0.01) (0.02)
Dependency ratio 0.23** 0.31** 0.15
(0.11) (0.13) (0.17)
Male household head (1/0) 0.00 0.01 −0.02
(0.06) (0.08) (0.11)
Age of household head in years −0.00 −0.00 −0.00
(0.00) (0.00) (0.00)
Post-primary education of household head (1/0) 0.22*** 0.21*** 0.22**
(0.06) (0.08) (0.09)
Rural −0.08   
(0.07)   
Cons 6.91*** 6.77*** 7.21***
(0.31) (0.32) (0.62)
N 4040 2721 1319
r 2 0.50 0.52 0.38
  1. Note: additional controls include dummies for month of interview, agroecological zone, and state of residence. Standard errors (in parentheses) clustered at level of enumeration area
  2. *p<0.10, **p<0.05, ***p<0.01