Skip to main content

Table 2 Results of the PPML estimator on the whole sample

From: The impact of pest risk management measures on trade: the case of apples from France and Chile

  Xijt Xijt Xijt Xijt
  (1) (2) (3) (4)
lnGDPit 1.02***
(0.17)
  1.02***
(0.17)
0.62***
(0.03)
lnGDPjt 0.34
(0.26)
  0.35
(0.25)
0.52
(0.42)
lnDistanceij − 1.41***
(0.13)
− 1.41***
(0.13)
− 1.21***
(0.12)
− 1.75***
(0.11)
lnApplied _ Tariffijt 0.04
(0.07)
0.04
(0.08)
0.07
(0.07)
− 0.55***
(0.05)
Borderij 0.46**
(0.17)
0.46**
(0.18)
0.44**
(0.17)
− 0.50***
(0.15)
PSij 1.68*
(0.82)
1.65
(0.85)
6.92***
(0.95)
− 4.11***
(1.18)
Dummyi    5.82***
(1.11)
 
PSijDummyi    − 7.33***
(0.75)
 
DummyAA     − 2.52
(1.55)
DummyAM     − 4.21*
(1.67)
DummyEU     − 24.12***
(2.97)
DummyAF     3.74
(2.57)
PSijDummyAA     2.14
(1.22)
PSijDummyAM     2.56
(1.33)
PSijDummyEU     20.03***
(2.56)
PSijDummyAF     − 3.33
(2.12)
fei Yes Yes No Yes
fej Yes Yes Yes No
fet Yes Yes Yes Yes
Observations
Adjusted R2
1269
0.91
1270
0.89
1269
0.91
1269
0.60
  1. Standard errors in parentheses. Significance level *p < 0.10, **p < 0.05, ***p < 0.01