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Table 3 Results of the PPML estimator by exporter

From: The impact of pest risk management measures on trade: the case of apples from France and Chile

  lnXijt lnXijt lnXijt lnXijt
i = France i = France i = Chile i = Chile
lnGDPjt 0.76*** 0.67*** 0.57*** 0.59***
  (0.04) (0.05) (0.02) (0.02)
lnDistanceij − 0.96*** − 0.82*** − 0.83*** − 0.75***
  (0.11) (0.09) (0.10) (0.082)
lnApplied _ Tariffijt − 0.11 − 0.15* − 0.46*** − 0.45***
  (0.06) (0.06) (0.054) (0.05)
Borderij − 0.65***   − 0.42**  
  (0.16)   (0.16)  
PSij − 3.21*** − 2.76*** − 1.86*** − 1.98***
  (0.84) (0.75) (0.32) (0.35)
Observations 780 780 489 489
R2 0.74 0.60 0.62 0.61
fet Yes Yes Yes Yes