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Table 5 Parameter estimates for the multinomial logistic model of conservation practices

From: Assessing the joint adoption and complementarity between in-field conservation practices of Kansas farmers

Variables No-tillage only Cover crops only Use of manure only No-tillage and cover crops No-tillage and use of manure
Constant − 2.003**
(0.971)
− 2.503
(4.073)
− 1.247
(3.001)
− 0.273
(2.352)
− 0.504
(2.014)
KW factor − 5.850***
(2.087)
17.827**
(8.826)
− 8.417
(7.090)
− 4.282
(4.887)
1.406
(4.210)
Available water content 11.634***
(3.801)
− 40.898**
(16.91)
12.720
(12.704)
10.621
(8.888)
− 2.349
(7.639)
Std slope − 0.013
(0.036)
0.198*
(0.116)
− 0.291**
(0.137)
− 0.091
(0.090)
− 0.044
(0.073)
Farm size 0.00047***
(0.000069)
− 0.0000083
(0.00029)
− 0.000043
(0.00025)
0.00041***
(0.00011)
0.00047***
(0.000070)
Rental percentage 0.590***
(0.149)
− 1.131*
(0.609)
− 0.282
(0.486)
1.006***
(0.329)
0.803***
(0.294)
Irrigation percentage 0.309
(0.324)
− 5.898
(4.162)
0.665
(0.922)
− 1.402
(1.194)
0.761
(0.637)
EQIP and CSP 0.533***
(0.185)
1.018*
(0.586)
− 0.466
(0.752)
1.123***
(0.313)
0.805***
(0.293)
Experience − 0.0068*
(0.0037)
− 0.014
(0.012)
− 0.0083
(0.012)
− 0.0060
(0.0084)
− 0.020***
(0.0077)
Risk avoider − 0.021
(0.104)
− 0.331
(0.377)
0.380
(0.330)
− 0.487**
(0.246)
− 0.221
(0.216)
Off− farm employ 0.286***
(0.109)
− 0.498
(0.399)
− 0.0016
(0.348)
0.413*
(0.248)
0.146
(0.216)
Crop insurance 0.140
(0.113)
− 0.545
(0.388)
− 0.105
(0.340)
− 0.053
(0.251)
− 0.209
(0.222)
Gender 0.629**
(0.248)
− 0.527
(0.665)
0.882
(1.040)
− 0.434
(0.447)
− 0.367
(0.423)
College 0.324***
0.114
− 0.579
(0.460)
0.853**
(0.338)
0.266
(0.244)
0.387*
(0.217)
Livestock − 0.224**
(0.107)
− 0.472
(0.377)
2.039***
(0.497)
− 0.105
(0.241)
0.628***
(0.228)
West 0.042
(0.156)
− 0.468
(0.534)
0.145
(0.487)
− 0.254
(0.351)
0.668**
(0.302)
East 0.339**
(0.133)
− 1.960***
(0.663)
0.109
(0.435)
− 0.294
(0.306)
0.797***
(0.272)
Average PZ − 0.778
(0.579)
− 5.824***
(2.186)
2.257
(2.191)
0.471
(1.439)
0.074
(1.076)
Std PZ 0.737
(0.543)
2.744
(2.170)
− 1.807
(1.685)
− 1.080
(1.304)
− 0.886
(1.126)
Fit statistics
Log likelihood − 2180.80
McFadded pseudo R2 0.084
Number of observations 2091
  1. Standard errors are presented in parentheses
  2. ***,**,* indicate statistical significant at 1%, 5% and 10% level, respectively