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Table 4 Treatment effects of SAP adoption on farm income and food security

From: Effects of sustainable agricultural practices on farm income and food security in northern Ghana

Outcome variables SAP categories Adopting (1) Non-adopting (2) ATT (3) = (1)–(2)
Farm income (ln) I0F1S0 4.015 (0.119) 4.760 (0.167)  − 0.744 (0.163)***
I0F0S1 4.672 (0.124) 4.611 (0.228) 0.613 (0.215)
I1F1S0 4.593 (0.531) 5.505 (0.367)  − 0.912 (0.504)*
I0F1S1 4.733 (0.062) 4.216 (0.114) 0.517 (0.108)***
I1F1S1 4.522 (0.227) 3.698 (0.351) 0.824 (0.386)**
rCSI I0F1S0 3.247(0.242) 5.604 (0.536)  − 2.357 (0.533)***
I0F0S1 8.984 (0.468) 9.331 (1.097)  − 0.346 (0.973)
I1F1S0 6.086 (2.267) 4.184 (1.301) 1.901 (2.632)
I0F1S1 5.247 (0.121) 6.859 (0.434)  − 1.596 (0.389)***
I1F1S1 4.217 (0.575) 8.891 (1.786)  − 4.674 (1.543)***
HDD I0F1S0 8.381 (0.065) 7.870 (0.086) 0.512 (0.109)***
I0F0S1 6.787 (0.087) 7.466 (0.113)  − 0.678 (0.121)***
I1F1S0 8.200 (0.284) 7.893 (0.211) 0.307 (0.316)
I0F1S1 7.885 (0.035) 7.477 (0.062) 0.408 (0.074)***
I1F1S1 7.804 (0.130) 6.871 (0.231) 0.933 (0.219)***
  1. ***p < 0.01; **p < 0.05; *p < 0.1