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Table 1 Institutional instruments of price stabilisation

From: Institutional contributions to agricultural producer price stability

Instrument Performer Switzerland Russia
2004–2007 2008–2013 2014–2019 2004–2007 2008–2013 2014–2019
Exceptional interventions (purchasing interventions or quotas) Government Sugar beets, milk Sugar beets Sugar beets No Selected grains Selected grains, milk
Flexible tariff rate quotas Government Vegetables, fruits Vegetables, fruits Vegetables, Fruits No No No
Price recommendations Producer organisations Vegetables, fruits, milk, potatoes Vegetables, fruits, milk, potatoes, selected grains Vegetables, fruits, milk, potatoes, selected grains No No No
Supply chain integration (supply nets) Actors All All All No Sugar beets, wheat, sunflowers Sugar beets, wheat, sunflowers
Large-scale agriculture (agro-holding) Actors No No No No Pork, poultry, eggs, wheat, sunflowers, sugar beets Pork, poultry, eggs, wheat, sunflowers, sugar beets
Dominance of small and medium farms in production Actors All All All All Milk, potatoes, grains (excl. wheat and sunflowers) Milk, potatoes, grains, grains (excl. wheat and sunflowers)
Investment subsidies Government No No No No Meat production Meat production
Producer prices above world prices All All All All Milk, beef Milk, beef Milk, beef
Sector liberalisation Government No Milk trade with EU Milk trade with EU All All Grains, eggs, coffee, tea, spices
Specialisation All Beef, milk Beef, milk Beef, milk No Feed wheat, sunflowers, sugar beet Feed wheat, sunflowers, sugar beet