Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 4 Spatial regression model results using queen contiguity matrix weights

From: Understanding linkages between common agricultural policy and High Nature Value (HNV) farmland provision: an empirical analysis in Tuscany Region

Variable   Queen contiguity
OLS SAR SEM
Model 1 Model 2a Model 3a
HNV at year 2000 hnv_2000 0.452*** 0.3893*** 0.4063***
Share of farmers older than 60 years old d_old 0.1059 0.0722 0.0495
Share of farmers younger than 40 years old d_young −0.2021 −0.1957 −0.2922*
Share of farms using external labour (%) extlab −0.2603*** −0.2053** −0.1874**
Share of part time farms (%) partime −0.0048** −0.0374 −0.0611
Share of individual farms (%) coltdir 0.1971 0.1857 0.0905
Share of farms with legal status different than society and individual farm (%) Condoth 1.1146** 1.0299** 1.228***
Share of farmers that live on-farm (%) live_on −0.0155 −0.0121 0.021
Average farm size (ha) size 0.2319*** 0.1498* 0.1332
Share of farms with only one plot (%) Plot −0.0088 −0.0029 −0.0005
Share of farms who sell quality products (%) d_quality 0.0131 −0.0163 −0.0067
Average SFP per ha (100 €) SFP −0.2513* −0.2861* −0.3933**
Average RPD –first axis payments per ha (€) axis1 −0.0022 −0.0014 −0.0014
Average RPD –third axis payments per ha (€) axis3 0.0015 0.0025 0.0035
Share of participating in measure 121 (% of farmers) rdp_121 −0.6081* −0.5564* −0.6514*
Sum of payments for integrated production (ln) Int 0.4073 0.2558 0.2625
Sum of payments for organic production (ln) Org 0.7216*** 0.5697** 0.4884**
Sum of compensation payments (ln) Comp 0.0637 0.0701 0.0812
Sum of forestry payments (ln) For −0.2786 −0.2434 −0.3964
Location in urban area (dummy) poli_urb −3.3661 −0.5402 −0.3509
Location in intensive agricultural area (dummy) rur_int −6.2800*** −2.2724 −3.0717
Location in declining rural area (dummy) rur_decl 5.7156*** 4.205** 4.4842**
Location in rural area with developing problems (dummy) rur_probsv 5.3520** 4.4356** 5.9949**
UAA classified as Natura2000 sites (ha) nat2000 0.0010 0.0007 0.0005
UAA classified as Nitrate Vulnerable directive (ha) nvz −0.0017* −0.0014 −0.0015
_cons   3.3090 −5.5711 23.8088
rho    0.3866***  
lambda     0.6804***
N   285 285 285
r2   0.510   
r2_a   0.481 0.585 0.510
aic   2116.438 2099.935 2104.245
bic   2211.403 2202.204 2206.515
  1. (***significant at 0.01; **significant at 0.05; *significant at 0.1);