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Table 1 Descriptive statistics on dairy and meat farmers

From: Farmers’ self-reported value of cooperative membership: evidence from heterogeneous business and organization structures

Variable Dairy 1) Meat 2)
  Supply Marketing Pig Cattle Poultry
  Mean Mean Mean Mean Mean
(st. dev) (st. dev) (st. dev) (st. dev) (st. dev)
Farmer age 51 49 50 49 50
(9.7) (11.8) (10.4) (10.6) (8.7)
Field area, hectares 61 47 99*** 72*** 84***
(52.4) (30.2) (67.6) (61.7) (47.2)
Cooperative capital, euro 3) 23,800 13,960 30,480*** 7,265*** 44,400***
(34,579) (11,042) (43,860) (13,394) (48,525)
Alternative buyers 1.9** 2.2** 3.0*** 3.0*** 1.4***
(0.91) (0.81) (1.44) (1.51) (0.67)
Distance to processing unit 70*** 43*** 102*** 139*** 61***
(35.0) (33.9) (91.9) (100.0) (65.6)
Herd size 4) 33 30 1241 37 -
(31.5) (23.6) (2826) (71.2) -
Production volume, liters/kg/year 4) 270.300 245,600 262,400 30,500 573,000
Number of respondents 350 56 77 138 26
Female, % in sample 24 27 13 15 8
Have expanded, % 22 25 17 27 38
Intention to expand, % 20 25 11 22 38
Intention to exit, % 22 14 16 13 0
Region North-East, N of farmers 5 49 2 16 0
Region West 261 3 27 58 17
  1. 1) Mann–Whitney test for difference between supply and marketing in scale variables
  2. 2) Kruskall-Wallis test for difference between pig, cattle, and poultry in scale variables
  3. 3) Capital suffers from a large number of missing values due to non-responses. Only 122 farmers provided capital information
  4. 4) Herd size and production volume were not tested in meat, as such a comparison is not meaningful due to different farm structures. Pigs are only reported for farms specializing in piglets, and in cattle for farms that breed calves
  5. ***(p < 0.01), **(p < 0.05), *(p < 0.1)