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Table 6 Ordered probit regressions for self-reported value of membership benefits

From: Farmers’ self-reported value of cooperative membership: evidence from heterogeneous business and organization structures

Variable (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6)
  Market channel Proximity Services Producer price Bargaining power Control
Dairy dummy 1.242*** 0.389 1.589*** 1.101*** 1.049*** 0.386
(0.29) (0.26) (0.27) (0.28) (0.25) (0.25)
Pig dummy 0.791*** 0.096 0.430 0.437 0.509* 0.501*
(0.30) (0.27) (0.29) (0.29) (0.27) (0.27)
Field area −0.105*** −0.036 −0.153 −0.002 0.018 0.041*
(0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.022) (0.02)
Buyers 0.141*** 0.112** 0.087* 0.228*** 0.143*** 0.088*
(0.05) (0.05) (0.05) (0.06) (0.05) (0.05)
Expanded dummy 0.392** −0.021 0.222 0.516*** 0.401*** 0.297**
(0.18) (0.15) (0.15) (0.17) (0.15) (0.15)
Will expand dummy 0.515*** 0.393*** 0.684*** 0.482*** 0.527*** 0.235*
(0.17) (0.14) (0.14) (0.17) (0.14) (0.14)
Female dummy 0.182 0.263* 0.355** 0.303* 0.10 −0.068
(0.18) (0.15) (0.15) (0.18) (0.15) (0.14)
Age 0.205*** 0.022*** 0.020*** 0.010** 0.013*** 0.015***
(0.004) (0.004) (0.004) (0.004) (0.004) (0.004)
Distance, 10 km 0.012 −0.022* 0.01 −0.005 0.001 −0.008
(0.13) (0.013 (0.01) (0.13) (0.01) (0.01)
Dairy-distance interaction −0.021 0.010 −0.03 0.020 −0.01 0.017
(0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02)
Marketing dummy −0.478 0.639** −0.148 −0.541* −0.455 −0.269
(0.33) (0.30) (0.30) (0.33) (0.30) (0.29)
Dairy-large dummy 0.188 0.018 −0.303* 0.082 −0.233 −0.075
(0.21) (0.17) (0.17) (0.21) (0.17) (0.16)
Pig-large dummy −0.554 −0.218 −0.914** −1.466*** −1.352*** −1.011***
(0.38) (0.36) (0.36) (0.39) (0.37) (0.36)
Region West 0.204 0.381*** −0.269* 0.188 0.211 −0.011
(0.16) (0.14) (0.25) (0.16) (0.14) (0.14)
Region North-East 0.033 0.268 −0.103 0.319 0.493* 0.227
(0.30) (0.27) (0.27) (0.30) (0.27) (0.26)
Threshold parameters
μ1 0.209*** 0.598*** 0.771*** 0.436*** 0.721*** 0.799***
(0.08) (0.07) (0.09) (0.09) (0.08) (0.07)
μ2 0.774*** 1.430*** 1.827*** 1.156*** 1.701*** 1.778***
(0.086) (0.069) (0.075) (0.08) (0.07) (0.07)
μ1 1.868*** 2.556*** 3.189*** 1.993 2.756*** 2.729***
(0.10) (0.08) (0.09) (0.09) (0.08) (0.09)
N 362 359 361 358 360 360
Log likelihood −316.84 −472.78 −434.55 −351.90 −465.70 −518.19
Chi 2 42.45*** 38.16*** 82.55*** 84.51*** 54.50*** 27.08***
Pseudo R2 0.0628 0.0388 0.0867 0.1072 0.0553 0.0254
  1. Dependent variables 1–6 are the Likert scale responses to selected value statements recoded to 0–4. The table reports the estimated probit coefficients and their standard errors in parentheses. The original statements are presented in Tables 2 and 3. ***(p < 0.01), **(p < 0.05), *(p < 0.1)