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Table 8 Definition of variables

From: Impact of off-farm activities on technical efficiency: evidence from maize producers of eastern Ethiopia

Variable Unit Definition
District Dummy 1 if the household is living in Girawa district; 0 otherwise.
Off_farm Dummy 1 if the household participates in off-farm activities; 0 otherwise.
Education_HH Dummy 1 if the household head is literate; 0 otherwise.
Education _spouse Dummy 1 if the spouse of household head is literate; 0 otherwise.
Age_HH Years Number of years the household head lived
Sex_HH Dummy 1 if the household head is male; 0 otherwise.
Coop Dummy 1 if the household is a member of agricultural cooperatives; 0 otherwise.
Landowned quxi Size of land owned by the household
Distance_mkt Minute Distance between the nearest market
Social_role Dummy 1 if the household head has social responsibility; 0 otherwise
Market_info Dummy 1 if the household head has access to market information; 0 otherwise
Livestock TLU Size of livestock owned by the household
FamlyAE AE Family size measured by adult equivalent
Value_yield Birr1 Value of maize produced by the household
Value_fertilizer Birr Value of inorganic fertilizer utilized for maize production
Value_seed Birr Value of seed used for maize production
Value_labor Birr Value of hired and family labor used for maize production
Land_maize quxi Size of land allocated for maize production
  1. 1Ethiopian currency; 1USD was equivalent with 21.21 ETB in the time of data collection