Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 2 Summary of household characteristics

From: Promoting ecosystem-friendly irrigation farm management practices for sustainable livelihoods in Africa: the Ghanaian experience

Continuous variables Mean (n = 300) Standard Deviations t-test (mean comparison test) df = 289
Below average adopters (n = 166) Above average adopters (n = 134) Below average adopters Above average adopters t value Pr(|T| > |t|)
 Age 38.674 45.298 10.576 10.757 −5.351 0.000
 Household size 5.650 5.940 2.207 2.565 −1.050 0.294
 Farm size for irrigation (acres) 1.342 0.854 1.059 0.763 4.475 0.000
 Farm income for irrigation (GHS) 6955.322 4958.172 7720.930 6299.212 2.414 0.016
 Farm income for rain-fed (GHS) 3020.587 2637.903 2802.323 3256.764 1.093 0.275
Categorical variables Percentage Pearson chi2 (1) P value (Pr)
  Below average adopters (n = 166) Above average adopters (n = 134) Total (n = 300)   
 Sex
  Male 41.00 30.00 71.00 1.7305 0.188
  Female 14.33 14.67 29.00   
 Marital status
  Married 38.67 26.67 65.33 3.3913 0.066
  Otherwise (single, separated and widowed) 16.67 18.00 34.67   
 Household head
  Yes 37.67 33.33 71.00 1.5471 0.214
  No 17.67 11.33 29.0   
 Education
  Had formal education (JHS and above) 19.67 14.67 34.33 0.2409 0.624
  Below Junior High School (JHS) education 35.67 30.00 65.67   
 Off-farm income
  Yes 17.33 31.00 48.33 43.0502 0.000
  No 38.00 13.67 51.67   
  1. Source: Field survey, 2016