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Table 7 Gini decomposition of total income. Static analyses (2015 vs 2019 flat rate vs 2019 tunnel model)

From: The CAP 2013 reform of direct payments: redistributive effects and impacts on farm income concentration in Italy

  G k R k S k C k P k η
2015 (“tunnel” model_partial convergence)
 FI 0.778 1.000 1.000 0.778 1.000 0.000
 MI 0.798 0.997 0.935 0.796 0.957 0.022
 VCS 0.862 0.680 0.006 0.586 0.005 − 0.002
 BPS + SFS + GR + YFP 0.711 0.710 0.058 0.505 0.038 − 0.020
 of which:
  BPS 0.716 0.705 0.039 0.505 0.026 − 0.014
  SFS 0.979 − 0.503 0.000 − 0.493 0.000 0.000
  GR 0.721 0.705 0.019 0.509 0.012 − 0.006
  YFP 0.995 0.525 0.000 0.522 0.000 0.000
2019 (“tunnel” model_partial convergence)
 FI 0.778 1.000 1.000 0.778 1.000 0.000
 MI 0.800 0.998 0.938 0.799 0.964 0.025
 VCS 0.862 0.680 0.006 0.586 0.005 − 0.002
 BPS + SFS + GR + YFP 0.646 0.685 0.055 0.443 0.032 − 0.024
 of which:
  BPS 0.649 0.684 0.037 0.444 0.021 − 0.016
  SFS 0.979 − 0.503 0.000 − 0.493 0.000 0.000
  GR 0.649 0.684 0.018 0.444 0.010 − 0.008
  YFP 0.995 0.572 0.000 0.569 0.000 0.000
2019 (flat rate)
 FI 0.778 1.000 1.000 0.778 1.000 0.000
 MI 0.805 0.998 0.935 0.804 0.967 0.031
 VCS 0.862 0.680 0.006 0.586 0.005 − 0.002
 BPS + SFS + GR + YFP 0.614 0.615 0.058 0.378 0.028 − 0.030
 of which:
  BPS 0.616 0.617 0.039 0.380 0.019 − 0.020
  SFS 0.979 − 0.503 0.000 − 0.493 0.000 0.000
  GR 0.616 0.617 0.019 0.380 0.009 − 0.010
  YFP 0.994 0.415 0.000 0.413 0.000 0.000