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Table 2 Characteristics of the different actors in the rice supply chain

From: The impact of environmental uncertainty on the performance of the rice supply chain in the Ayeyarwaddy Region, Myanmar

Items Unit Parameters Farmer Primary collector Miller Wholesaler Retailer Exporter
Gender Number Male 114 (87.69) 19 (90.48) 23 (92) 5 (71.43) 19 (67.86) 4 (100)
Female 16 (12.31) 2 (9.52) 2 (8) 2 (28.57) 9 (32.14) 0 (0)
Age Years Mean 51 41.60 50.10 46.70 49.90 43
Min. 27 25 30 41 30 35
Max. 85 60 66 62 72 50
Family size Numbers Mean 4 4 4.40 4 3.60 4
Min. 2 1 2 2 2 3
Max. 8 7 8 6 6 6
Education Schooling years Mean 6 9 11 12.3 9.9 15
Min. 2 5 5 6 4 15
Max. 15 15 15 15 18 15
Work experience Years Mean 27 10.80 12.80 13 13.60 13
Min. 3 1 1 3 1 5
Max. 54 30 33 24 50 26
Farm size ha Mean 3.07
Min. 0.40
Max. 15.78
Small farm size ≤ 2.02 ha Numbers 45 (34.62)
Medium farm size > 2.02 ha and ≤ 4.05 ha Numbers 49 (37.69)
Large farm size > 4.05 ha Numbers 36 (27.69)
Yield of paddy kg/ha Mean 3000.11
Min. 516.44
Max. 5164.39
Milling amount 000 kg/day Mean 11.99
Min. 0.21
Max. 59.71
Milling capacity < 15,000 kg/day Numbers 19 (76)
≥ 15,000 kg/day Numbers 6 (24)
Marketed amount 000 kg/year Mean 6.50 127.29 1088.17 669.74 25.73 507,500
Min. 0.29 10.45 12.68 13.46 13.80 60,000
Max. 31.04 627.00 3793.48 1776.75 189.75 1,700,000
  1. Figures in the parentheses represent percentage
  2. Source: own survey (2017)