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Table 5 Ordered probit estimates of participation in agriculture and food security (Techiman)

From: The geography of agriculture participation and food security in a small and a medium-sized city in Ghana

Variables Average marginal effects
(1)(2)(3)(4)(5)
Coef.SevereModerateMildSecure
Participation in agriculture (ref. is UandR)
Nonp− 0.0900.0210.0100.001− 0.031
Uonly− 0.1780.0430.0180.001− 0.062
Ronly− 0.1250.0300.0130.001− 0.044
Female HH head− 0.631***0.1660.050− 0.003− 0.213
Age of HH head0.018***− 0.005− 0.002− 0.0000.006
Age of spouse− 0.012*0.0030.0010.000− 0.004
Married HH head0.120− 0.030− 0.012− 0.0000.042
Years schooling: HH head− 0.0110.0030.0010.000− 0.004
Years schooling: spouse0.138***− 0.034− 0.014− 0.0000.048
Years schooling: other adult0.007− 0.002− 0.001− 0.0000.002
HH size0.053**− 0.013− 0.005− 0.0000.018
Share of dependants− 0.1660.0410.0170.001− 0.058
Received cash transfer0.001− 0.000− 0.000− 0.0000.000
Received food transfer0.094− 0.023− 0.010− 0.0000.033
No. of nonfarm income earners− 0.0290.0070.0030.000− 0.010
Monthly per capita income0.002***− 0.001− 0.000− 0.0000.001
Livestock producer0.015− 0.004− 0.002− 0.0000.005
Owns dwelling0.025− 0.006− 0.002− 0.0000.009
Chronically sick HH head− 0.1620.0410.015− 0.000− 0.057
Chronically sick spouse− 0.1940.0510.017− 0.001− 0.067
Chronically HH member− 0.0860.0220.0080.000− 0.030
Indebted− 0.280**0.0740.024− 0.001− 0.096
Unemployed HH head− 0.516***0.1480.033− 0.008− 0.173
Unemployed spouse− 0.461***0.1290.031− 0.006− 0.155
Unemployed HH member− 0.1450.0370.013− 0.000− 0.051
μ (1)0.014    
μ (2)0.766**    
μ (3)1.061***    
Observations1008    
Log–likelihood value− 1150    
Pseudo R20.122    
  1. ***p < 0.01, **p < 0.05, *p < 0.1