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Table 3 Endogenous switching for FSF adoption and milk and meat consumption expenditure

From: Does it pay to switch from free grazing to stall feeding? Impact of stall feeding practice on household welfare in Tigrai Ethiopia

Variables (FSF = 1) (FSF = 0) (FSF = 1/0)
Consumption Consumption Selection
Family size (count) 18.36 (98.52) 31.65 (47.64) 0.0445 (0.0332)
Household head sex (male = 1) 751.5** (341.2) − 102.2 (262.0) 0.401* (0.214)
Household head age (year) − 16.44 (10.13) 5.832 (8.664) − 0.00239 (0.00513)
Household head education (literate = 1) − 374.3 (362.6) − 99.19 (298.7) 0.0350 (0.155)
Total food expenditure (ETB) 0.0823*** (0.0208) 0.0413*** (0.0138) 1.81e-06 (3.19e-06)
Farm size (ha) − 63.41 (84.29) 71.42 (155.7) 0.0310 (0.0582)
Total farm income (ETB) 0.0401 (0.0381) − 0.00273 (0.00253) − 7.93e-06 (6.06e-06)
Total off farm income (ETB) 0.0226 (0.0187) − 0.00336 (0.00315) − 3.90e-06 (5.67e-06)
Religion of household head (Orthodox = 1) − 593.2 (623.1) − 51.60 (317.1) 0.488** (0.211)
Location of household (highland = 1) 713.0 (791.4) − 174.8 (203.5) − 1.080** (0.451)
Information access (TV, radio, and mobile = 1) 148.6 (395.2) 124.4 (357.8) 0.546*** (0.183)
Herd size (TLU) 155.4*** (59.18) 186.9*** (49.73) − 0.0216 (0.0237)
Access to formal credit (yes = 1) 737.2 (482.0) 122.5 (272.3) − 0.0302 (0.168)
Animal shock experience (yes = 1) − 182.0 (363.8) − 130.3 (362.8) 0.338* (0.183)
Distance to free grazing land (walking minute)    0.00168 (0.00183)
Exposure of SF(years)    0.322*** (0.0560)
Constant 1038 (1251) − 261.2 (503.9) − 2.587*** (0.503)
lns1, lns2 7.552(0.045)*** 7.527(0.0001)***  
ρ12 − 0.318 (0.280) 0.0023(0.124)  
LR test of indep. eqns (PV   0.1434  
Observations 364 364 364
  1. P values are for slopes: ***P < 0.01, **P < 0.05, and *P < 0.10 = significant at 1%, 5%, and 10% probability level, respectively