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Table 1 Key features related to the labels adopted and the related quality conventions

From: Exploring institutional arrangements for local fish product labelling in Tuscany (Italy): a convention theory perspective

Labelling schemeQuality conventionSuppliersLabel exclusivityActors involvedProductsTarget market
Producers’ own brandsDomestic- 1 aquaculture consortium (3 firms)
- 1 aquaculture firm
- 1 cooperative of lagoon fisheries and aquaculture
Producer/s- Producers and consortia (suppliers)
- Quality auditors (for big retailers)
- Fresh fish
- Processed seafood
- Aquaculture and lagoon fisheries
- Big retailers
- Wholesalers
Wholesalers’ brandsDomestic- 1 wholesaler of capture fisheries
- 1 fishery and trade firm
Wholesalers, big retailers- Primary producers (fishers)
- Wholesalers (suppliers)
- Big retailers
- Quality auditors
- Fresh fish
- Processed seafood
- Capture fisheries (trawlers and small-scale)
- Big retailers
Sustainability certificationsCivic- 1 aquaculture consortium (3 firms)NGO- Producers and consortia (suppliers)
- Big retailers
- NGO
- Quality auditors
- Fresh fish
- Aquaculture
- Big retailers
Regional productsCivic- 1 cooperative of lagoon fisheries and aquacultureNGO- Producers’ organisation (suppliers)
- Big retailers
- NGO
- Processed seafood
- Lagoon fisheries (mainly) and capture fisheries
- Big retailers