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Table 3 Descriptive statistics of the explanatory variables

From: Livelihood assets’ influence on Ugandan farmers’ control practices for Banana Xanthomonas Wilt (BXW)

Explanatory variables All Sample Non-adopters 1 practice 2 practices 3 practices Full-adopters F test1
(obs. 1058) (obs. 235) (obs. 319) (obs. 277) (obs. 225) (obs. 2)
Mean (SD) Mean (SD) Mean (SD) Mean (SD) Mean (SD) Mean (SD)
Human capital
 HH head education 5.95 (3.91) 5.94 (3.83) a 6.25 (4.13) a 5.57 (3.84) a 6.03 (3.74) a 5.50 (0.71) a 1.16
 HH head age 56.62 (14.46) 57.58 (14.82) ab 54.59 (14.25) b 58.47 (14.86) a 56.20 (13.53) ab 59.00 (19.80) ab 3.05**
 HH size 6.37 (3.14) 6.48 (3.60) a 6.35 (3.20) a 6.24 (2.84) a 6.43 (2.90) a 7.50 (0.71) a 0.28
Social capital
 HH head gender 0.74 (0.44) 0.74 (0.44) ab 0.71 (0.46) b 0.71 (0.46) ab 0.80 (0.40) a 1.00 (0.00) ab 2.22*
 Access to extension services 0.54 (0.50) 0.49 (0.50) b 0.54 (0.50) ab 0.52 (0.50) b 0.64 (0.48) a 0.50 (0.71) ab 2.69**
Natural capital
 Central region 0.22 (0.41) 0.16 (0.37) b 0.27 (0.45) c 0.20 (0.40) bc 0.20 (0.40) bc 1.00 (0.00) ac 20.10***
 Eastern region 0.20 (0.40) 0.51 (0.50) a 0.16 (0.37) c 0.10 (0.30) bc 0.08 (0.26) b 0.00 (0.00) abc
 Mid-Western region 0.23 (0.42) 0.22 (0.42) ab 0.27 (0.44) a 0.26 (0.44) b 0.16 (0.37) ab 0.00 (0.00) ab
 South-Western region 0.35 (0.48) 0.11 (0.31) d 0.29 (0.46) c 0.44 (0.50) b 0.56 (0.50) a 0.00 (0.00) abcd
 Land owned 4.51 (7.19) 4.67 (8.00) 4.24 (5.48) 4.34 (4.77) 4.94 (10.29) 6.25 (1.77) 0.40
 Land banana percentage 41.52 (31.07) 26.29 (32.02) a 44.76 (30.41) b 47.05 (29.91) b 46.14 (27.36) b 31.15 (18.80) ab 19.80***
Physical capital
 Home index 38.54 (21.44) 36.50 (22.14) 39.93 (20.26) 39.17 (21.18) 37.88 (22.64) 44.74 (15.24) 1.02
 Farm equipment index 43.47 (21.19) 47.20 (20.93) a 44.13 (22.71) ab 42.24 (19.82) b 40.26 (20.37) b 34.08 (15.82) ab 3.56***
Financial capital
 Banana farming objective 1.79 (0.63) 1.66 (0.67) b 1.81 (0.64) a 1.78 (0.58) ab 1.91 (0.59) a 2.50 (0.71) ab 5.22***
 Access to credit facilities 0.70 (0.46) 0.69 (0.47) ab 0.66 (0.47) b 0.70 (0.46) ab 0.79 (0.41) a 0.50 (0.71) ab 2.88**
 Off-farm income 0.88 (0.33) 0.94 (0.23) a 0.87 (0.34) b 0.86 (0.34) b 0.84 (0.37) b 1.00 (0.00) ab 3.37***
Vulnerability context
 BXW status 1.98 (1.75) 0.22 (0.84) a 1.61 (1.84) b 3.04 (1.20) c 3.04 (1.04) c 2.00 (1.41) abc 185.45***
Institutional context
 Access to BXW initiatives 0.22 (0.41) 0.10 (0.30) c 0.22 (0.41) b 0.20 (0.40) b 0.35 (0.48) a 0.50 (0.71) abc 11.24***
  1. 1One-way ANOVA. Level of significance: * 10 %; ** 5 %; *** 1 %. Values in parentheses are standard deviations (SD). Different letters within each row indicate significant differences at the 0.05 level (Fisher-Hayter pairwise comparisons test)