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Table 4 Self-reported information and natural wine perception, mean values (S.D.)

From: Why consumers drink natural wine? Consumer perception and information about natural wine

  Italy (n = 501) Spain (n = 527)
Self-reported degree of information about... (mean, S.D.) Natural wine*** 2.88 (1.33) 3.65 (1.30)
Biodynamic wine*** 2.45 (1.39) 3.54 (1.39)
Organic wine*** 2.96 (1.33) 3.87 (1.16)
Natural wine perceptions (mean, S.D.) Natural wine is environmental friendly. 3.46 (1.23) 3.88 (1.17)
Natural wine does not contain added sulfites. 2.98 (1.35) 4.11 (1.15)
Natural wine is organic. 2.87 (1.30) 3.60 (1.28)
Natural wine does not contain additives. 3.42 (1.26) 4.24 (1.08)
Natural wine is locally produced. 2.74 (1.32) 2.97 (1.45)
Natural wine is handcrafted. 3.26 (1.29) 3.78 (1.30)
Natural wine is like a wine produced by our grandparents. 2.71 (1.33) 3.31 (1.39)
  1. Statistically significant differences between Italy and Spain at the ***p ≤ 0.01 according to one-way ANOVA