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Table 4 Estimated marginal effects for the unconditional and conditional adoption of no-tillage, cover crops and manure

From: Assessing the joint adoption and complementarity between in-field conservation practices of Kansas farmers

Variables Unconditional practice adoption Conditional adoption
No-tillage Cover crops Use of manure Cover crops given no-tillage adopted Use of manure given no-tillage adopted
KW factor − 1.246***
(0.446)
0.427
(0.305)
0.067
(0.263)
0.048
(0.274)
0.515*
(0.313)
Available water content 2.635***
(0.815)
− 0.900
(0.587)
− 0.202
(0.474)
0.014
(0.496)
− 1.002*
(0.569)
Std slope − 0.0028
(0.0076)
0.0024
(0.0044)
− 0.0080*
(0.0049)
− 0.0040
(0.0052)
− 0.0019
(0.0053)
Farm size 0.00010***
(0.000014)
− 0.0000019
(0.0000080)
0.0000013
(0.0000065)
− 0.0000035
(0.0000053)
0.00000029
(0.0000011)
Rental percentage 0.157***
(0.034)
− 0.012
(0.024)
0.0060
(0.019)
0.021
(0.016)
0.013
(0.020)
Irrigation percentage 0.118
(0.094)
− 0.184
(0.123)
0.048
(0.037)
− 0.093
(0.071)
0.041
(0.045)
EQIP and CSP 0.124***
(0.038)
0.041**
(0.019)
0.00062
(0.023)
0.030*
(0.017)
0.017
(0.019)
Experience − 0.0014*
(0.00076)
− 0.00023
(0.00043)
− 0.00077*
(0.00048)
0.00011
(0.00046)
− 0.00096*
(0.00058)
Risk avoider − 0.015
(0.022)
− 0.022*
(0.013)
0.0015
(0.013)
− 0.024*
(0.014)
− 0.012
(0.016)
Off_Farm employ 0.068***
(0.023)
− 0.0065
(0.014)
− 0.0044
(0.013)
0.0074
(0.014)
− 0.011
(0.015)
Crop insurance 0.030
(0.023)
− 0.017
(0.013)
− 0.015
(0.013)
− 0.0085
(0.014)
− 0.024
(0.016)
Gender 0.102**
(0.052)
− 0.043*
(0.023)
− 0.017
(0.033)
− 0.051**
(0.026)
− 0.067**
(0.031)
College 0.068***
(0.024)
− 0.016
(0.015)
0.024*
(0.013)
− 0.0034
(0.013)
0.0048
(0.015)
Livestock − 0.055**
( 0.024)
− 0.012
(0.013)
0.081***
(0.019)
0.0022
(0.013)
0.061***
(0.018)
West 0.021
(0.033)
− 0.021
(0.018)
0.032*
(0.019)
− 0.019
(0.020)
0.047**
(0.022)
East 0.098***
(0.029)
− 0.064***
(0.022)
0.028*
(0.017)
− 0.036**
(0.018)
0.036*
(0.020)
Average PZ − 0.100
(0.123)
− 0.094
(0.079)
0.089
(0.074)
0.062
(0.080)
0.055
(0.076)
Std PZ 0.102
(0.116)
0.011
(0.073)
− 0.106
(0.067)
− 0.088
(0.073)
− 0.108
(0.082)
  1. Standard errors are presented in parentheses
  2. ***,**,* indicates statistical significance at 1%, 5% and 10% level, respectively. Marginal effects are estimated as partial average effects following Greene (2012). The number of observations was 2091