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Table 1 Descriptive statistics of major rice markets in Bangladesh

From: Spatial market integration of rice in Bangladesh in the presence of transaction cost

Statistic Dhaka Mymensingh Rajshahi Khulna Chattogram
Mean 2439.7 2669.1 2381.8 2377.5 2408.8
Standard deviation 978.2 1192.1 949.5 943.8 921.1
Minimum 1107.0 1050.0 1197.0 1028.5 1240.0
Maximum 4550.0 5040.0 4450.0 4450.0 4400.0
Skewness 0.25 0.16 0.47 0.28 0.42
Kurtosis − 1.01 − 1.41 − 0.80 − 1.04 − 0.93
Ljung–Box test 268.11*** 273.18** 269.73*** 268.51*** 267.76***
  1. Ljung–Box test is the null hypothesis of time series containing an autocorrelation
  2. ***Denotes statistical significance at the 1% critical level